Vastu Basics - Vastu Architektur

Vastu Basics

What makes this timeless architectural teaching so powerful?

In ancient times, building a house was a sacred art following precise guidelines for the highest purpose of human upliftment. It was more than just practical design and joining of appropriate materials. It was the science of creating a structure that will resonate with us, a structure that we call our home and delight to dwell within, a structure that is stable yet vibrant, that will connect us strongly to earth and yet remain energetically open towards the cosmos, that will nurture us with good health and fortune, that will bring out the best in us and above all, that will uplift our consciousness to higher realms. The oldest of these ancient sciences and technologies was found on the Indian subcontinent. It is called Vaastu (Va-stew).

Some Vaastu secrets were only handed down from a master to a worthy disciple, oftentimes just within family lineages. Those masters were called Shilpis (Vaastu stonemasons) or Sthapatis (Vaastu architects). Why did these masters keep the most powerful parts of this science secret? Certainly not for selfish reasons. These masters were aware of the profound impact Vaastu architecture has on human beings. This was seen as a sacred responsibility that requires a profound expertise.

Definition of Vastu

Vaastu means “the energy that lives eternally.” Vastu, with one “a,” defines the original creative energy that shines from its own power and needs no other source. Vaastu, with two “a’s,” defines that same energy in a more condensed or manifested form.

Dr. Ganapati Sthapati (a preeminent Vaastu architect) often cites Einstein’s equation E = mc2 as an example. E represents the original creative energy, Vastu, whereas mc2 is related to Vaastu, the manifest energy or matter.

“Concerning matter, we have been all wrong. What we have called matter is energy, whose vibration has been so lowered as to be perceptible to the senses. There is no matter.“ Prof. Albert Einstein

“Vaastu is the science of manifestation of energy into matter or material form.“ Dr. V. Ganapati Sthapati

Differences from Vastu to Feng Shui

Feng Shui, which means wind and water, arose from the older Kan Yu teaching, which stands for heaven and earth. The latter has many parallels with the Vaastu doctrine. Kan Yu was similar to Vaastu, more of an architectural, than a rectification and optimization teaching, as Feng Shui is often used.

According to different Chinese masters Kan Yu came from ancient India to China. It is assumed that the knowledge of the Vedic period came with the migration of Buddhism to Asia about 2500 years ago and developed into the well-known teachings TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine) and Kan Yu, respectively Feng Shui.

As mentioned Feng Shui is primarily concerned with working with existing energies and balancing them harmoniously into yin and yang. Therefore, many tools have been developed which are intended to balance and improve the flow of energy.

Similar to Kan Yu, Vaastu has the focus on planning and building an object that becomes a resonant object or its own energy generator. And when an object is conventionally built, one can try to optimize less favorable aspects (for example, to free the sacred center, arrange rooms according to the qualities of the directions, etc.). And only when all these measures have been implemented are tools being used which have the power to bring more Vaastu energy into the premises.

Sacred measures play a central role in Vaastu, but also in Kan Yu, because both doctrines are more oriented towards architecture. In Vaastu they are still held as the heart and soul of any design process, whereas only a very rare few Feng Shui experts still consider sacred measures.

Vaastu is more closely related to the other Vedic arts such as Yoga, Ayurveda, Jyotish (Vedic Astrology), etc. but also to our Western Greek-Roman culture. For example, Vaastu knows The five elements ether (space), air, fire, water and earth, whereas Feng Shui works with the elements earth, metal, water, wood and fire.

Vaastu and Feng Shui are definitely related to each other. For rectification and optimization both have their respective place. But for the planning and construction of new objects, we recommend the Vaastu as the basis, especially for the sacred measures.

Living Space

The essence of Vaastu architecture can be summed up in one important phrase:

“Vastureva Vaastu,“ meaning, subtle space transforms itself into manifested space.

According to Vaastu, the whole universe, also the so considered vacuum in outer space, is filled with minute energy particles. As soon as we enclose free space, we enclose a certain amount of these particles. This is why every structure is filled with energy.

“If a part of free space is isolated and confined into a four-walled structure it becomes a living organism and the space enclosed will start vibrating in a particular order. If such a building is designed to vibrate in the same numerical order as that of the indweller, the resultant phenomenon is that he will experience harmony or perfect union with the Universal Self.” Dr. V. Ganapati Sthapati

We see from this quote that one of the key factors in Vaastu is the concept of resonance (compatible vibrational order). The aim of Vaastu architecture is to establish a resonance between the inhabitants, the created structure and nature, thereby connecting us to the earth and to cosmic energies.

How are we able to define the frequency with which a building will vibrate?

Vaastu explains that it is the perimeter of the building – more specifically the exact dimensions of the “empty” space that is enclosed – that will define the frequency. Vaastu offers us a set of mathematical formulas with which we can find an auspicious perimeter (rather than randomly selecting a perimeter which will bring arbitrary, and most likely, undesirable results).  These mathematical vibrations have certain beneficial qualities that evoke specific desirable states in the human body, psychology, and spiritual awareness. By choosing Vaastu spaces that resonate these qualities, the human then has the experience of these auspicious qualities in life.

The Vaastu effect is therefore based on the scientific factors of mathematics and geometry, and other subtle natural laws. In fact, the teachings of Vaastu relates closely to modern quantum physics.

Concept of Resonance

Each structure in the universe is a resonant body. The underlying measure of the structure defines the frequency of the object itself. We have learned that the aim of Vaastu is to establish a resonance between the inhabitants, the built structure and nature.

How are we able to determine the frequency of the inhabitants? Vaastu considers the moonstar (in Sanskrit nakshatra) of the person. According to Vedic astronomy and astrology, the ecliptic is divided into 27 major stars. At the time of a person’s birth, as seen from earth, the moon is placed in close relation to one of these 27 stars. This is then considered to be our moonstar which is an indicator of our vibration throughout the course of our life. We then design the house using a Vaastu measure that is compatible with the vibration of all the inhabitants as indicated by their moonstars.

One example that Dr. V. Ganapati Sthapati, Master Vaastu Architect, presents to us is that of two identically tuned string instruments which are placed next to each other. If one plucks a string of one instrument, the same string of the other instrument will start to vibrate identically until a sound manifests.

If we take this concept of resonance into consideration, we not only build beautiful and energetic structures; these structures will also resonate in a supportive way with their inhabitants. As such, the residents feel materially and spiritually enlivened, happy to return to their home, their personal oasis of well-being.

Illustrative of the theory of resonance, we quote here the experience of a family that recently moved into their Vaastu house:

“During the first two months we initially felt a pleasant buzzing sensation which later turned into a feeling of being really at home. Everyone settled down and we began to experience a lot of harmony within our family. At the same time, many positive things are happening on the level of consciousness.” ~ Vaastu Resident, Wangen a.d.A., Switzerland


Vaastu, in its traditional form, goes back to two progenitors, Vishwakarma and Brahmarishi Mayan.

Vishwakarma is believed to be the “Principal Architect of the Universe “.

Brahmarishi Mayan was a Rishi (seer), who by introspection and deep study of nature, discovered many universal principles. He wrote different treatises on areas such as architecture, iconometry, dance, music, poetry and other art forms, astro physics, mathematic, herbology, cartography, ship building and more. The Surya Siddhanta, an ancient scripture also known to modern scientists for its precise understanding of astronomy, is perhaps his most famous work.

His ultimate discovery was the mathematics behind the process of creation. Through introspection, Mayan realized the rhythm (laaya) of the creation of all visual and audible objects. On that basis he developed and refined the five arts: Architecture, Sculpture, Dance, Poetry and Music. Amongst those five arts, architecture was the preeminent since it has the longest lasting effect on the beholder or indweller. This insight led him to the following statement:

“Architecture is the supreme achievement of mathematics”

Worldwide Application

Despite Brahmarishi Mayan’s Indian origin, the principles of Vaastu are not Indian, but rather universal principles. These same principles were applied by many different cultures from different continents such as the Mayans in Central America, Chinese, Tibetans, Japanese, Egyptians and even the Romans in whom modern architecture is rooted.

How is it possible that all these cultures seem to apply the same principles? On the one hand, many cultures had their own methods to perceive subtle natural laws beyond the established physical laws, to connect and work with these other forms of energy. For this they used ceremonies, rituals and meditations. But there is also a very down-to-earth explanation. We hear that Brahmarishi Mayan had twelve disciples and he was an expert in ship building. After training his disciples thoroughly he sent them out into the world in order to bring these teachings for the benefit of humanity. We know that the Egyptian and also Greek cultures have had strong connections to India. But more astonishing is that Marcus Vitruvius (1st Cent. BC), a great Roman scientist and architect must have had contact with the Vaastu tradition. His ten books on the subject of architecture (many students of architecture study them even today) have strong similarities to the Manasara, an ancient Vaastu scripture. The content and even the order of chapters are too similar to be coincidental. Since Vitruvius is the source of modern architecture, we can conclude that Vaastu is one of the main roots of the European building traditions.

Not only Marcus Vitruvius’, but also Andrea Palladio’s (16th cent. AD) and Le Corbusier’s modern buildings show strong parallels to Vaastu. The good news for architecture lovers is that modern Vaastu buildings do not have to look anything like Indian temples. Vaastu can be applied to almost any modern design style.

Ideal Moments in Time

Cycles of time define the rhythm of our lives. Many practitioners of yoga or meditation know about the supportive influence of the early hours in the morning. The world is asleep. The daily distractions have not yet begun. The phone is silent and only the birds start chirping. Compared to the hectic daytime hours, this early morning time best suits the journey inward.

Also the four seasons bring about different qualities. In spring nature is waking up whereas in fall nature prepares for the winter sleep.

As the different times of day, as well as the different seasons, radiate different qualities, similarly, according to tradition, there are moments in time where the “quantum space” is most ripe for new beginnings. Of these there are eight short timeframes within one year.

A traditionally trained Vaastu consultant executes ceremonies such as ground breaking (Bhumi-Puja), laying of the foundation stone (Vaastu-Puja), placement of the door, and housewarming celebration (Grihapravesh). All these ceremonies serve to bless the project in every phase of construction.