Vastu Principles - Vastu Architektur

Vastu Principles

With which the positive and beneficial forces are released.

Based on the Vaastu basics, the Vaastu principles must be understood and applied.

The following points represent in no way a complete list of all the Vaastu aspects, but there are probably the most essential principles that are taken into account by an authentic Vaastu consultant or architect. Before such principles are applied, they should be fully understood.


The basis of every Vaastu design process is the plot of land upon which the impending building will be erected. The qualities of the land and their relationship to the structure contribute to the Vaastu effect. The earth offers us a variety of land types starting from marshy to desert land, from flat to sloping land, from unproductive to fertile land, etc. Every spot on earth carries some specific energy. No spot on earth is negative, but each serves different qualities that benefit different species. Vaastu science helps us differentiate these qualities. We want to find a spot that is suitable for human habitation, which will bring us good results. We consider the vegetation, the ambience, the slope and the shape of the land and examine the soil in regards to compactness, outgassing, fertility, taste, sound, smell and color. The surrounding area is inspected in regards to water bodies, pollution, etc.

Once a suitable plot is chosen, we can respect the earth with special ceremonies before and during construction, and ask for blessings for our project.

On the picture: Vaastu ceremony to invoke auspiciousness and blessings from mother earth

Building Orientation

The Earth is covered by a grid of subtle energies (on the North-South and East-West axis), nurtured by the enormous potential of the earth’s core. Many animals use that grid to orient themselves. We connect to and take advantage of those forces by aligning Vaastu structures to the cardinal directions. The wonderful effect is that we not only receive energy from Earth but can also return energy by building resonant objects (Vaastu structures), which are in tune with the subtle natural laws and this grid.

Our ancestors seemed to be aware of those principles since most ancient structures on flat land were oriented according to this grid.


As a next step, we define the perimeter of the structure we intend to build on the plot. As we heard on the page “Concept of Resonance” it is the perimeter – more specifically, the exact dimensions of the “empty” space that we enclose – which will define the frequency of the intended structure. We don’t just randomly choose a perimeter since this will also bring only arbitrary results. The resultant building should have a positive frequency which will also be in resonance with the indwellers. To find an auspicious measure for the perimeter, Vaastu offers us a set of mathematical formulas. These formulas were kept secret by the Vaastu architects and masters (Sthapatis) for many millennia to make sure that this knowledge was not misused. A structure with such a perimeter – called the motherwall in Vaastu – will become a resonance body with qualities such as mental peace, happiness and material wellbeing. The vibration of the so created space will influence our psychology and our physical body. And it is well known that our thinking has an immense influence on our life.


Vaastu considers a square (or rectangle) as the basic form of quantum space and therefore chooses to build the main body of any structure in either one of these two shapes. Actually, the basic form is nor a square, nor a rectangle, but a cube. So, with Vaastu we not only consider the horizontal plane dimensions but also the vertical. Within the frame of this cubical three-dimensional main body of the structure, carefully designed variations on the cuboidal form are welcome.

In keeping with creating a “resonant” perimeter, all other design elements such as interior walls, doors, windows, etc., are ideally also mathematically and geometrically calculated to the perimeter, the same vibration.

Vaastu structures (houses and offices) are designed along a 9×9 grid with 81 equal-sized modules, called Padas. To the left is a drawing of this 9×9 grid. We can see how a human form is drawn sitting inside of it in a yogic position. This grid is known as Vaastu Purusha Mandala or the grid of the personified living space. The lines of this grid carry the energy of the motherwall into the space. By aligning walls, doors, etc. according to these lines they are nurtured with that same beneficial energy.


Within this 9×9 grid there are nine central modules that define the center of a structure. The center, Brahmasthan, has our special focus since it is the source of the Vaastu energies. These energies gush forth from the Brahmasthan into all rooms and corners of the structure. Think of the Brahmasthan as the navel of the structure, the umbilical connection to the Source.

The center is the heart and intelligence of the space. The center should therefore be kept free, not blocked by walls or any other construction element. We know this open center also from ancient Roman architecture, called the atrium. This is the reason why the Mayan pyramids were kept free in the centre and why all the big temple complexes in and around India have their inner sanctum, the spiritual core in the center. The free open center can be covered by a roof. In a home, it can practically be included into the living room, the entrance area or the hall way that connects the different rooms around it.

Energy Lines

The center is the source of energy. This energy rises upwards as a result of this “gushing” forth in the form of a flame. This flame has a pyramidal form. Pyramid literally means “fire in the middle.” But since the energy does not move only vertically, but also horizontally, we try not to impede this flow of energy in any direction. Horizontally, we provide a space for the flow of two vibrant threads of light or energy, the Brahma-Sutra and Soma-Sutra. The Brahma-Sutra runs through the center of the grid, parallel to the main entrance and the Soma-Sutra perpendicular to the Brahma-Sutra.

In addition, we consider one more thread of energy, the Yoni Line, which runs through the main entrance and therefore also parallel to the Brahma-Sutra. Also the Yoni line has to be kept completely free in order to guarantee the flow of energy through the structure. Opposite the main entrance there should also be a door or a window. In this way the structure will be alive and can breathe.

Doors and Windows

The placement of the main entrance on the 9×9 Vaastu Purusha Mandala determines which subtle energies will be stimulated upon entering and exiting a Vaastu building. These energies will have effects on the psychology of the inhabitants. The entrance can basically be in any of the cardinal directions but only in specific defined modules (padas).

In this way a central south entrance would do harm and an entrance in the fourth Pada of east northeast will be very supportive for health and friendships.

Concerning windows there are several indications which serve the uninterrupted flow of natural energies.

Five Elements

Subtle space consists of the element ether. When this subtle space transforms itself into material space (similar to the concept of the big bang theory) the gross elements such as air, fire, water and finally earth start to manifest. In other words: subtle space (ether) as well as material space (earth) contain all other elements inherently. According to the understanding of Vaastu they occupy certain corners of any created space. The aim of Vaastu is that the elements can collect uninhibited in these corners and can no longer spill out. Therefore we never place windows or doors in the corners of a building.

The elements bring certain qualities into these quadrants of any given space.

Room Placement

The qualities that are indicated by the elements in each quadrant of the building lend themselves to favor certain activities or room functions in those areas. In other words, it is the placement of the elements that helps us find the best location for the different room functions. Here are a few examples:

  • Space is the subtlest among those five elements and is therefore the source of all others and the source of the manifested space in general. We know that the center is the source of the manifested space and therefore it is the logical consequence that ether resides in the center (which is strictly kept free).
  • The northeast is embodied by water and is traditionally seen as the spiritually uplifting quadrant of the house. Used for contemplative activities – study, meditation, living room.
  • The southeast attracts the fire element and is best suited for a kitchen.
  • Earth energy favors the southwest and therefore this quadrant will bring stability, tranquility and rejuvenation to the dwellers. A master bedroom is ideally placed there, surrounded by other bedrooms in the south and west.
  • Air in the northwest brings that quadrant a lot of fluctuation. A guest bedroom or an office fit perfectly into this transformative area.

Besides the elements, also the different modules (padas) of the Vaastu Purusha Mandala, the 9×9 grid, define ideal placements of certain room elements. As an example, the kitchen stove should be placed in the quadrant called Antariksha since it brings righteousness to the cook and through the cook into the food.